BS8666 Shape Codes

Steel Reinforcement For Concrete – BS 8666:2005

British Standard BS 8666 the ‘Specification for scheduling, dimensioning, bending and cutting of steel reinforcement for concrete’.

This standard supersedes BS4466.

Table 1 – Maximum limit for which a preformed radius is required

Radius of bending:- maximum values requiring bending.
Bar Size 6 8 10 12 16 20 25 32 40
Radius (m) 2.5 2.75 3.5 4.25 7.5 14.0 30.0 43.0 58.0

Note. Bars to be formed to a radius exceeding the above dimensions will be supplied straight.


Table 2 – Minimum scheduling radii, former diameters and bend allowances

Nominal size of bar, d, mm Minimum radius for scheduling, r Minimum diameter of bending former, M General (min 5d straight), including links where bend ≥ 150° mm Links where bend ≤ 150° (min 10d straight) mm
6 12 24 110* 110*
8 16 32 115* 115*
10 20 40 120* 130
12 24 48 125* 160
16 32 64 130 210
20 70 140 190 290
25 87 175 240 365
32 112 224 305 465
40 140 280 380 580
50 175 350 475 725

* The minimum end projections for smaller bars is governed by the practicalities of bending bars.

Note 1. Due to ‘spring back’ the actual radius of bend will be slightly greater than half the diameter of former.

Note 2. BS 4449:2005 grade B500A in sizes below 8mm does not conform to BS EN 1992-1.1:2004.


Table 3 – Standard shapes, their method of measurement and calculation of length

Method of measurement of bending dimensions. Total length of bar (L) measured along centre line. Method of measurement of bending dimensions. Total length of bar (L) measured along centre line.
Shape Code 00
A


Key
1 Semi-circular
Shape Code 33
2A + 1.7B + 2(C) -4dA

shall not be less than 12d + 30mm. B shall not be less than 2(r+d). (C) shall not be less than P in Table 2, nor less than B/2 + 5d. See Note 3.
Shape Code 01
A

Stock lengths.
See Note 4.
Shape Code 34
A +B +C +(E)-0.5r -d
Neither A nor (E) shall be less than
P in Table 2.
See Note 1.

Shape Code 11
A+(B)- 0.5r-d

Neither A nor B shall be less than
P in Table 2
Shape Code 35
A +B +C +(E) -0.5r -d

Neither A nor (E) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1.
Shape Code 12
A+(B)- 0.43R – 1.2d

Neither A nor B shall be less than
P in Table 2 nor less than (R + 6d)
Shape Code 36
A +B +C +(D)-r -2d

Neither A nor (D) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1.

Key
1 Semi-circular
Shape Code 13
A + 0.57B+(C)- 1.6d

B shall not be less than 2(r + d).
Neither A nor C shall be less than
P in Table 2 nor less than (B/2 + 5d).
See Note 3.
Shape Code 41
A+B+C+D+(E)-2r-4d

Neither A nor (E) shall be less than P in Table 2.
Shape Code 14
A + (C)- 4d

Neither A nor (C) shall be less than
P in Table 2.
See Note 1.
Shape Code 44
A +B +C +D +(E) -2r -4d

Neither A nor (E) shall be less than P in Table 2.
Shape Code 15
A+(C)

Neither A nor (C) shall be less than
P in Table 2. See Note 1.
Shape Code 46
A +2B +C +(E)

Neither A nor (E) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1.
Shape Code 21
A + B + (C)- r – 2d

Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2.
Shape Code 47
2A +B +2C +1.5r -3d


Key
1 Semi-circular
Shape Code 22
A +B +C +(D) -1.5r – 3d
C shall not be less than 2(r + d).
Neither A nor (D) shall be less than
P in Table 2. (D) shall not be less
than C/2 + 5d.

Shape Code 51
2(A +B +(C)) -2.5r -5d

(C) and (D) shall be equal and not more than A nor less than P in Table 2.Where (C) and (D) are to be minimized the following formula may be used:L = 2A + 2B + max (16d, 160)
Shape Code 23
A + B + (C) – r – 2d

Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2.
Shape Code 56
A +B +C +(D) +2(E) -2.5r -5d
(E) and (F) shall be equal and not more than B or C, nor less than P in Table 2.

Shape Code 24
A + B + (C)

A and (C) are at 90° to one another.
Shape Code 63
2A +3B +2(C) -3r -6d

(C) and (D) shall be equal and not more than A or B nor less than P in Table 2.Where (C) and (D) are to be minimized the following formula may be used: L = 2A + 3B + max(14d, 150)
Shape Code 25
A + B + (E)

Neither A nor B shall be less than P in Table 2. If E is the critical dimension, schedule as 99 and specify A or B as the free dimension.See Note 1.
Shape Code 64
A +B +C +2D +E +(F) -3r -6d

Neither A nor (F) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 2.
Shape Code 26
A + B + (C)

Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1.
Shape Code 67
A

See clause 10.
Shape Code 27
A +B +(C) -0.5r -d

Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2.See Note 1.
Shape Code 75
π (A – d) + B
Where B is the lap.
Shape Code 28
A +B +(C) -0.5r -d

Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1.

C=number of turns
Shape Code 77
Cπ
(A-d)
Where B is greater than A/5 this equation no longer applies, in which case the following formula may be used:

L = C((π(A -d))² + B²)0.5

Shape Code 29
A + B + (C) -r -2d

Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1.
Shape Code 98
A +2B +C + (D) -2r -4d

Isometric sketch
Neither C or (D) shall be less than P in Table 2.
Shape Code 31
A +B +C +(D) -1.5r -3d
Neither A nor (D) shall be less than
P in Table 2.

Custom Shape

Shape Code 99
All other shapes To be calculated See Note 2.Where standard shapes cannot be used.No other shape code number, form of designation or abbreviation shall be used in scheduling. A dimensioned sketch shall be drawn over the dimension columns A to E. Every dimension shall be specified and the dimension that is to allow for permissible deviations shall be indicated in parenthesis, otherwise the fabricator is free to choose which dimension shall allow for tolerance.
Shape Code 32
A +B +C +(D) -1.5r -3d
Neither A nor (D) shall be less than
P in Table 2.

The values for minimum radius and end projection, r and P respectively, as specified in Table 2, shall apply to all shape codes (see 7.6).

The dimensions in parentheses are the free dimensions. If a shape given in this table is required but a different dimension is to allow for the possible deviations, the shape shall be drawn out and given the shape code 99 and the free dimension shall be indicated in parentheses.The length of straight between two bends shall be at least 4d, see Figure 6. Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 6 should be used in the interpretation of ending dimensions.


Note 1

The length equations for shape codes 14, 15, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 34, 35, 36 and 46 are approximate and where the bend angle is greater than 45°, the length should be calculated more accurately allowing for the difference between the specified overall dimensions and the true length measured along the central axis of the bar. When the bending angles approach 90°, it is preferable to specify shape code 99 with a fully dimensioned sketch.


Note 2

Five bends or more might be impractical within permitted tolerances.


Note 3

For shapes with straight and curved lengths (e.g. shape codes 12 13, 22, 33 and 47) the largest practical mandrel size for the production

of a continuous curve is 400 mm. See also Clause 10.


Note 4

Stock lengths are available in a limited numer of lengths (e.g. 6m, 12m). Dimension A for shape code 01 should be regarded as indicative and used for the purpose of calculating total length. Actual delivery lengths should be by agreement with supplier.


Table 4

BAR MASS per linear metre (kg/m) :-
50mm: 15.413kg/m 40mm: 9.864kg/m 32mm: 6.313kg/m 25mm: 3.854kg/m 20mm: 2.466kg/m
16mm: 1.579kg/m 12mm: 0.888kg/m 10mm: 0.616kg/m 8mm: 0.395kg/m 6mm: 0.222kg/m

Excerpts From Section 8 – Drawing Forms for Scheduling and Dimensioning

Figure 4 – Dimensioning of an acute angle

8.6 – If the angle between two portions of the shape meeting at a bend is not a right angle, it shall be defined by co-ordinates and not by degress of arcs or radians.

8.7 – When dimensioning an acute angle the tangential lines shown in Figure 4 shall be used.

Figure 5 – Dimensioning of cranked bars

8.8 – Apart from shape code 98, bars bent in two planes shall be sketched isometrically or shown in two elevations, using first angle projection. The words “bent in two planes” or “isometric sketch” shall appear on the schedule adjacent to the sketch.

8.9 – The overall offset dimension of a crank shall be not less than twice the size of the bar.

The angled length (see Figure 5) shall be not less than:

a) 10d for bars not exceeding a nominal size of 16mm
b) 13d for nominal sizes greater than 16mm

Figure 6 – Example of bar with more than one bend

8.10 – For all shapes with two or more bends in the same or opposite directions (whether in the same plane or not), the overall dimension given on the schedule shall always include a minimum straight of 4d between the curved portion of the bends, as shown in Figure 6.

The value of x in Figure 6 shall be not less than the following:
a) 10d for bars not exceeding a nominal size of 16mm
b) 13d for nominal sizes greater than 16mm
NOTE: The minimum values of x are expressed in terms of the nominal size of the reinforcement. In practice, rolling and bending tolerances, and the fact that the circumscribing diameter of deformed reinforcement may be up to 10% greater than the nominal size, should be considered.